How Does Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder affect Children?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. People with ADHD may experience difficulty paying attention, controlling behaviour, feeling restless, and focusing on tasks or activities. ADHD is diagnosed in children and adults, though it is more commonly diagnosed in children. Treatment for ADHD usually involves a combination of medication, therapy, and other strategies to improve impulse control and behaviour, as well as other associated functions like sleep and stress management.

Looking for information on ADHD- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): What You Need to Know covers the symptoms and diagnosis, providing valuable insights for patients and caregivers,

Neurological Disorders

Who is more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?

ADHD affects children and adults but is most commonly diagnosed in children. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 5.2 million children (ages 2-17) in the United States had an ADHD diagnosis in 2016. Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): What You Need to Know

Causes and Risk Factors

  1. Genetics: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is believed to be genetically inherited from birth parents or other close relatives.  
  2. Brain injuries: Research suggests that brain injuries, especially in the brain’s frontal regions, may contribute to ADHD symptoms.  
  3. Exposures during pregnancy: Some research suggests that exposure to certain toxins or drugs may increase the risk of a child developing ADHD.  
  4. Environmental factors: Environmental factors like chaotic or unstable family life may contribute to developing ADHD symptoms.  
  5. Low Birth Weight: In some cases, ADHD may be linked to significantly lower birth weight.  
  6. Nutrition deficiencies: Deficiencies in certain minerals or vitamins, such as omega-3 fatty acids, iron and zinc, have been linked to an increased risk of developing ADHD.  
  7. Parenting styles: Studies suggest that some parenting styles, like those overly punitive or lacking structure, may contribute to developing ADHD symptoms.

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